BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: While Graves disease is the most common cause of extraocular muscle enlargement, case reports have also associated growth hormone-secretory pituitary adenomas with this same phenomenon. We investigated the prevalence and response to treatment of extraocular muscle enlargement in patients with growth hormone-secretory pituitary adenomas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed extraocular muscle sizes using MR imaging in patients with growth hormone-secretory pituitary adenomas who underwent a transsphenoidal surgical resection compared with a matched control group with nonsecretory pituitary adenomas. Descriptive and comparative statistics were used to evaluate patient characteristics and extraocular muscle sizes between the 2 groups. RESULTS: We identified 16 patients who presented with growth hormone-secreting pituitary adenomas and underwent transsphenoidal surgical resection from 2010 to 2019. The average diameter of the extraocular muscle at the time of diagnosis for the group with growth hormone-secretory pituitary adenomas was larger than that in the control group (4.7 versus 3.8 mm, P≺.001). Nine patients achieved insulin-like growth factor 1 level normalization at a median of 11.5 months before their most recent MR imaging evaluation. The average size of the extraocular muscles of patients who achieved a normalized insulin-like growth factor 1 was smaller compared with those that did not (difference, 0.7 mm; 95% CI, 0.3-1.2 mm; P,≺001), approaching the size of extraocular muscle in the control group. CONCLUSIONS: We describe a high prevalence of extraocular muscle enlargement in patients with growth hormone-secreting pituitary adenomas. Additionally, we note that the size of extraocular muscles decreased with associated improvement in the biochemical control of acromegaly.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||American Journal of Neuroradiology|
|State||Published - Apr 1 2022|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Clinical Neurology