Fabricating Janus membranes via physicochemical selective chemical vapor deposition

Mahdi Mohammadi Ghaleni, Elham Tavakoli, Mona Bavarian, Siamak Nejati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Membranes with asymmetric wettability-Janus membranes-have recently received considerable attention for a variety of critical applications. Here, we report on a simple approach to introduce asymmetric wettability into hydrophilic porous domains. Our approach is based on the physicochemical-selective deposition of polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) on hydrophilic polymeric substrates. To achieve selective deposition of PTFE, we inhibit the polymerization reaction within the porous domain. We prefill the substrates with glycerol, containing a known amount of free radical inhibitor, and utilize initiated chemical vapor deposition (iCVD) for the polymerization of PTFE. We show that the glycerol/inhibitor mixture hinders the deposition of PTFE within the membrane pores. As a result, the surface of the substrates remains open and porous. The fabricated Janus membranes show stable wetting-resistant properties, evaluated through sessile drop contact angle measurements and direct contact membrane distillation (DCMD).

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAIChE Journal
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • Janus membrane
  • iCVD
  • membrane distillation
  • physicochemical inhibition
  • wettability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

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