Fabrication and properties of redox ion doped few monolayer thick polyelectrolyte film for electrochemical biosensors at high sensitivity and specificity

Seung Woo Lee, Jeffrey Lopez, Ravi F. Saraf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Redox ions are deposited on a polyelectrolyte-coated gold electrode by an electric field to fabricate an ion-selective thin film electrode. The Fe(CN)${{{4- \hfill \atop 6\hfill}}}$ ions are deposited on a few monolayer-coated polyelectrolyte gold electrode by a slow periodic potential cycle. The deposition process and electrode properties are quantitatively and simultaneously monitored by cyclic voltammetry and a novel technique, using a Scanning Electrometer for Electrical Double-layers (SEED). No redox properties are obtained without the electric-field-deposition. Owing to the redox mediation and net charge due to the redox ion, the electrode is ion-selective. We demonstrate the principle to detect 1μM of dopamine in a mixture with 1mM of ascorbic acid.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1557-1566
Number of pages10
JournalElectroanalysis
Volume25
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2013

Keywords

  • Biosensors
  • Dopamine
  • Point-of-care
  • Polyelectrolyte electrodes
  • Redox polymers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Electrochemistry

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