Factors Associated With Growth in Daily Smoking Among Indigenous Adolescents

Les B. Whitlock, Kelley J. Sittner Hartshorn, Julia Mcquillan, Devan M. Crawford

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


North American Indigenous adolescents smoke earlier, smoke more, and are more likely to become regular smokers as adults than youth from any other ethnic group, yet we know very little about their early smoking trajectories. We use multilevel growth modeling across five waves of data from Indigenous adolescents (aged 10-13 years at Wave 1) to investigate factors associated with becoming a daily smoker. Several factors, including number of peers who smoked at Wave 1 and meeting diagnostic criteria for major depressive episode and conduct disorder, were associated with early daily smoking. Only age and increases in the number of smoking peers were associated with increased odds of becoming a daily smoker.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)768-781
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Research on Adolescence
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cultural Studies
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Behavioral Neuroscience


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