Fast Doppler as a novel bedside measure of cerebral perfusion in preterm infants

Eric S. Peeples, Edin Mehic, Pierre D. Mourad, Sandra E. Juul

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Altered cerebral perfusion from impaired autoregulation may contribute to the morbidity and mortality associated with premature birth. We hypothesized that fast Doppler imaging could provide a reproducible bedside estimation of cerebral perfusion and autoregulation in preterm infants. Methods: This is a prospective pilot study using fast Doppler ultrasound to assess blood flow velocity in the basal ganglia of 19 subjects born at 26-32 wk gestation. Intraclass correlation provided a measure of test-retest reliability, and linear regression of cerebral blood flow velocity and heart rate or blood pressure allowed for estimations of autoregulatory ability. Results: The intraclass correlation when imaging in the first 48 h of life was 0.634. We found significant and independent correlations between the systolic blood flow velocity and both systolic blood pressure and heart rate (P = 0.015 and 0.012 respectively) only in the 26-28 wk gestational age infants in the first 48 h of life. Conclusion: Our results suggest that fast Doppler provides reliable bedside measurements of cerebral blood flow velocity at the tissue level in premature infants, acting as a proxy for cerebral tissue perfusion. Additionally, autoregulation appears to be impaired in the extremely preterm infants, even within a normal range of blood pressures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)333-338
Number of pages6
JournalPediatric Research
Volume79
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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