Fast-response fiber-optic anemometer with temperature self-compensation

Guigen Liu, Weilin Hou, Wei Qiao, Ming Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

We report a novel fiber-optic anemometer with self-temperature compensation capability based on a Fabry-Pérot interferometer (FPI) formed by a thin silicon film attached to the end face of a single-mode fiber. Guided in the fiber are a visible laser beam from a 635 nm diode laser used to heat the FPI and a white-light in the infrared wavelength range as the signal light to interrogate the optical length of the FPI. Cooling effects on the heated sensor head by wind is converted to a wavelength blueshift of the reflection spectral fringes of the FPI. Self-temperature-compensated measurement of wind speed is achieved by recording the difference in fringe wavelengths when the heating laser is turned on and then off. Large thermal-optic coefficient and thermal expansion coefficient of silicon render a high sensitivity that can also be easily tuned by altering the heating laser power. Furthermore, the large thermal diffusivity and the small mass of the thin silicon film endow a fast sensor response.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13562-13570
Number of pages9
JournalOptics Express
Volume23
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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