Fasting exacerbates and feeding diminishes LPS-induced liver injury in the rat

Sasha D. Adams, Benjamin A. Delano, Kenneth S. Helmer, David W. Mercer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Introduction Enteral nutrition improves clinical outcomes. The effects of feeding on LPS induced liver injury are unknown. We hypothesized that feeding would attenuate liver injury from LPS. Methods Fasted or fed rats were given LPS (20 mg/kg ip) or saline for 5 h and sacrificed. Serum aminotransferases and cytokines (immunoassay) were measured. Oxidative stress protein (iNOS, COX2, and HO1) assessments (Western immunoblot) were also obtained. Results In fasted rats, LPS significantly increased serum aminotransferase levels, enhanced hepatic COX2, iNOS, and HO1 immunoreactivity, and increased serum cytokine levels when compared to controls. While feeding diminished liver enzymes, attenuated expression of COX2 and iNOS, and blunted production of pro-inflammatory cytokines, it did not modulate LPS-induced expression of the anti-inflammatory markers HO1 and IL-10. Conclusion These data suggest that feeding decreases liver injury by attenuating expression of pro-inflammatory mediators while maintaining expression of anti-inflammatory mediators, both systemically and locally.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)767-773
Number of pages7
JournalDigestive Diseases and Sciences
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Cytokines
  • Enteral nutrition
  • Lipopolysaccharide
  • Liver
  • Stress proteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Gastroenterology


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