Data on the use of intracardiac echocardiography (ICE) guidance in mitral transcatheter edge-to-edge repair (mTEER) procedure is limited to case reports and small case series. Our study aims to assess the feasibility, safety, utilization patterns, and clinical outcomes of mTEER procedure with ICE guidance using a nationally representative real-world cohort of patients. This study used the National Inpatient Sample database from quarter 4 of 2015 to 2020. We used a propensity-matched analysis and adjusted odds ratios for in-hospital outcomes/complications. A P value of < 0.05 was considered significant. A total of 38,770 weighted cases of mTEER were identified. Of the included patients 665 patients underwent ICE-guided mTEER while 38,105 had TEE-guided mTEER. There were no differences in the in-hospital mortality between both groups (2.5% vs 3.0%, P = 0.58). Adjusted odds of in-hospital mortality (aOR 0.83, 95%CI [0.42-1.64]) were not significantly different. There were no differences in periprocedural complications including cardiac (aOR 0.85, 95%CI [0.54-1.35]), bleeding (aOR 1.45, 95%CI [0.93-2.33]), respiratory (aOR 0.88, 95%CI [0.61-1.25]), and renal (aOR 0.89, 95%CI [0.66-1.20]) complications between patients undergoing ICE-guided vs TEE-guided mTEER. There was no difference in GI complications between both groups (aOR 1.11, 95%CI [0.46-2.70]). The adjusted length of stay was less among ICE-guided mTEER (median: 1 vs 2, P < 0.01) with lower inflation-adjusted costs of hospitalization ($35,513 vs $47,067, P < 0.01). ICE-guided mTEER is safe when compared with TEE guided mTEER with no significant differences in in-hospital mortality, cardiac, bleeding, respiratory, and renal complications.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine