Objectives. To explore the use of the da Vinci Surgical Robotic System (DSRS) to assist in the completion of totally intracorporeal laparoscopic ileal conduit urinary diversion (TLIC). Methods. Two patients with radiation cystitis underwent TLIC procedures and another patient with bladder cancer underwent TLIC along with laparoscopic radical cystoprostatectomy at our institution. The ileal conduit urinary diversion was done totally intracorporeally using conventional laparoscopic techniques, and the DSRS was used to assist in the Bricker-type ureteroileal anastomosis. Results. The 3 patients in the study included 2 men and 1 woman (mean age 73 years, range 64 to 84). The TLIC was completed intracorporeally in all 3 patients without the need for open conversion. The operative time, estimated blood loss, intraoperative decrease in hemoglobin, and time to hospital discharge for the 2 patients undergoing TLIC and the patient undergoing TLIC along with radical cystoprostatectomy was 628, 616, and 828 minutes, 50, 200, and 500 mL, 1.7, 2.8, and 5.3 g, and 5, 7, and 10 days, respectively. The median follow-up was 4.5 months (range 3.5 to 5.5). Postoperative satisfactory drainage of both kidneys was confirmed in all 3 patients at 8 weeks or later by intravenous urography or renal nuclear imaging. The serum creatinine remained stable in all 3 patients after surgery at hospital discharge. The only complication noted was postoperative ileus in the patient undergoing radical cystoprostatectomy that resolved with conservative management. Conclusions. TLIC is technically feasible and safe and can be done intracorporeally without complications. The DSRS can be successfully used to assist in the completion of TLIC. However, that each case lasted for more than 600 minutes highlights the need for further refinement in the technique. The practical application of TLIC requires improved long-term outcomes compared with open surgery, as well as a reduction in the operative time to justify the costs of robotic surgery.
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