Feasibility of selected prophylactic barriers in arrestance of airborne bacterial vegetative cells and endospores

Craig S. Davidson, Christopher F. Green, Shawn G. Gibbs, Adelisa L. Panlilio, Paul A. Jensen, Yan Jin, Pasquale V. Scarpino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Transmission of infection by airborne agents is a risk for health care personnel, patients, and visitors. This risk is heightened in regions without access to environmental controls and personal protective equipment. The ability of 2 prophylactic barriers (ie, semitransparent netting for insect control) to arrest bioaerosols was assessed for potential use within the malarial zones. Methods: Barriers (pore sizes of 0.8 mm and 0.25 mm) were challenged with bioaerosols of vegetative cells and endospores of Bacillus anthracis strain Sterne 34F2 using a bioaerosol chamber. Barriers were also challenged with airborne inert polystyrene latex particles of known diameters (0.1, 0.43, 0.6, 1.3, 3.2, and 8.0 μm), and the arrestance provided by barrier with the 0.25 mm pore size was expressed as a function of aerodynamic diameter of challenge aerosols. Results: Barrier with the 0.8 mm pore size provided no significant arrestance of aerosols, whereas the barrier with the 0.25 mm pore size provided an 8% arrestance of vegetative cells and a 13% arrestance of endospores. No arrestance at or below the 0.6 μm particle size was observed. Conclusion: The level of arrestance provided by these prophylactic barriers does not justify their use as a sole method of preventing transmission.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)581-586
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Infection Control
Volume39
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2011

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Keywords

  • Bioaerosol
  • insect netting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Davidson, C. S., Green, C. F., Gibbs, S. G., Panlilio, A. L., Jensen, P. A., Jin, Y., & Scarpino, P. V. (2011). Feasibility of selected prophylactic barriers in arrestance of airborne bacterial vegetative cells and endospores. American Journal of Infection Control, 39(7), 581-586. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2010.10.032