Federally qualified health center use of the Nebraska Tobacco Quitline

Kelly Gonzales, Ann M. Berger, Kathryn Fiandt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

INTRODUCTION Promoting cessation services like quitlines is important to reduce tobacco-related morbidity and mortality. A critical need exists to improve clinical staff’s awareness of tobacco quitlines and reduce barriers in recommending and referring tobacco-using patients. The purpose was to obtain information on the use of the Nebraska Tobacco Quitline (NTQ) by Federally Qualified Health Center (FQHC) clinical staff at FQHC settings with tobacco-using patients. Specific aims were: 1) identify FQHC clinical staff and setting characteristics that influence current tobacco cessation assessment and interventions, and 2) identify barriers and facilitators that influence future use of NTQ by FQHC clinical staff and settings. METHODS This study recruited participants from seven FQHC settings. All FQHC provider and non-provider clinical staff were recruited to complete a Clinical Staff Survey. The Medical Director, Associate Medical Director, or Nurse Manager at each FQHC was asked to provide setting information through the Setting Survey. Descriptive statistics were used to report percentages and qualitative data were analyzed using pattern coding. RESULTS The main findings include insufficient awareness and insufficient perceived effectiveness of NTQ, non-providers reporting a limited role in tobacco cessation efforts beyond assessment of tobacco use, and the lack of supportive setting processes for intervention use. CONCLUSIONS Targeted efforts are needed to increase awareness and perceived effectiveness of NTQ, for role expansion for non-providers, and to add Electronic Health Record (EHR) prompts and e-referral capability to increase cessation interventions including NTQ referrals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number43
JournalTobacco Prevention and Cessation
Volume5
Issue numberNovember
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Clinical staff
  • Federally qualified health centers
  • Quitline
  • Settings
  • Tobacco cessation interventions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Health(social science)
  • Health Professions (miscellaneous)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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