FGF2 gene transfer restores hippocampal functions in mouse models of Alzheimer's disease and has therapeutic implications for neurocognitive disorders

Tomomi Kiyota, Kaitlin L. Ingraham, Michael T. Jacobsen, Huangui Xiong, Tsuneya Ikezu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

74 Scopus citations

Abstract

The adult hippocampus plays a central role in memory formation, synaptic plasticity, and neurogenesis. The subgranular zone of the dentate gyrus contains neural progenitor cells with self-renewal and multilineage potency. Transgene expression of familial Alzheimer's disease-linked mutants of β-amyloid precursor protein (APP) and presenilin-1 leads to a significant inhibition of neurogenesis, which is potentially linked to age-dependent memory loss. To investigate the effect of neurogenesis on cognitive function in a relevant disease model, FGF2 gene is delivered bilaterally to the hippocampi of APP+presenilin-1 bigenic mice via an adenoassociated virus serotype 2/1 hybrid (AAV2/1-FGF2). Animals injected with AAV2/1-FGF2 at a pre- or postsymptomatic stage show significantly improved spatial learning in the radial arm water maze test. A neuropathological investigation demonstrates that AAV2/1-FGF2 injection enhances the number of doublecortin, BrdU/NeuN, and c-fos-positive cells in the dentate gyrus, and the clearance of fibrillar amyloid-β peptide (Aβ) in the hippocampus. AAV2/1-FGF2 injection also enhances long-term potentiation in another APP mouse model (J20) compared with control AAV2/1-GFP-injected littermates. An in vitro study confirmed the enhanced neurogenesis of mouse neural stem cells by direct AAV2/1-FGF2 infection in an Aβ oligomer-sensitive manner. Further, FGF2 enhances Aβ phagocytosis in primary cultured microglia, and reduces Aβ production from primary cultured neurons after AAV2/1-FGF2 infection. Thus, our data indicate that virus-mediated FGF2 gene delivery has potential as an alternative therapy of Alzheimer's disease and possibly other neurocognitive disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E1339-E1348
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume108
Issue number49
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 6 2011

Keywords

  • Fibroblast growth factor
  • Neurodegenerative disorders
  • Transgenic mouse model
  • Viral gene therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'FGF2 gene transfer restores hippocampal functions in mouse models of Alzheimer's disease and has therapeutic implications for neurocognitive disorders'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this