Surgical patients with complex cardiac disease often require noncardiac surgery. There have been recent articles written concerning the role of the cardiothoracic anesthesiologist as a consultant in the operating room as well as outside the operating theatre. 1,2 With the evolution of the cardiothoracic anesthesia consult service (CACS), there are many issues regarding medical billing, financial reimbursement, and Medicare rules that anesthesiologists may not be familiar with. This paper will discuss the financial implications of starting a CACS.
- adult cardiothoracic anesthesia
- cardiac anesthesia consult service
- financial considerations of anesthesia billing
- perioperative evaluation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine