PURPOSE: We evaluated four femtosecond laser intrastromal cutting procedures: creation of a corneal flap for laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK), tunnel and entry cut for intracorneal ring, corneal flap and removable lens for keratomileusis, and intrastromal ablation for myopia and hyperopia. METHODS: A clinical trial using a femtosecond surgical laser (IntraLase Corporation) was performed in partially sighted eyes. Femto-LASIK treatment was performed on 46 eyes up to -14.00 D; 16 patients received intracorneal ring segments (Femto-ICRS); 5 patients each with one highly myopic eye had femtosecond laser keratomileusis (FLK), and 13 patients each with one myopic or hyperopic eye had intrastromal ablation (ISPRK). In Femto-LASIK, excimer laser ablation was done under the flap. In Femto-ICRS, ring segments were introduced into the laser-created channels. In femtosecond laser keratomileusis, a lens-shaped block of stroma was removed manually from under the flap. RESULTS: No difference was found between the results obtained with Femto-LASIK and a standard microkeratome. No refractive effects occurred when the created flap was not elevated. In cases of Femto-ICRS and conventional ICRS produced the same refractive results. With Femto-ICRS, no intraoperative complications occurred and visual acuity improved immediately after surgery. In femtosecond laser keratomileusis, high myopia was corrected without using excimer laser ablation; centralization of the treatment area was excellent. In intrastromal ablation, 1 to 2 hours after surgery the corneas were highly transparent; refractive results were stable. CONCLUSIONS: Femtosecond lasers can produce precise intrastromal cutting, offering significant safety and other advantages (no razor blades, corneal trauma, partial resections, or sterilization issues) over current techniques.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Refractive Surgery|
|State||Published - Mar 2003|
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