Flt3 ligand (Flt3-L) is a growth factor for dendritic cells and induces type 1 T cell responses. We recently reported that Flt3-L prevented OVA-induced allergic airway inflammation and suppressed late allergic response and airway hyper-responsiveness (AHR). In the present study we examined whether Flt3-L reversed allergic airway inflammation in an established model of asthma. BALB/c mice were sensitized and challenged with OVA, and AHR to methacholine was established. Then mice with AHR were randomized and treated with PBS or 6 μg of Flt3-L i.p. for 10 days. Pulmonary functions and AHR to methacholine were examined after rechallenge with OVA. Treatment with Flt3-L of presensitized mice significantly suppressed (p < 0.001) the late allergic response, AHR, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid total cellularity, absolute eosinophil counts, and inflammation in the lung tissue. There was a significant decrease in proinflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IL-4, and IL-5) in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, with a significant increase in serum IL-12 and a decrease in serum IL-5 levels. There was no significant effect of Flt3-L treatment on serum IL-4 and serum total IgE levels. Sensitization with OVA significantly increased CD11b+CD11c+ cells in the lung, and this phenomenon was not significantly affected by Flt3-L treatment. These data suggest that Flt3-L can reverse allergic airway inflammation and associated changes in pulmonary functions in murine asthma model.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy