This paper describes the levels of household food insecurity in the region to determine if differences exist between socio-demographics of the sample. Further, it tests if the increased prevalence of chronic diseases and obesity among food insecure households demonstrated in previous studies is true for this region. Utilizing a regional baseline survey, logistic regression models were performed to determine the relationship between household food insecurity and body mass index or chronic disease. There were significant socio-demographic differences among food insecure and food secure respondents in the region. After adjusting for covariates, food insecurity was significantly related to increased odds of hypertension (OR = 1.77, p = 0.001) and diabetes (OR = 1.51, p = 0.038), but not overweight/obesity (OR = 1.39, p = 0.067). Utilizing food assistance, like food pantries, to implement targeted interventions could help reduce both food insecurity and chronic disease in the region.
- Food insecurity
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health(social science)
- Nutrition and Dietetics
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health