Fractal characterization of hyperspectral imagery

Hong Lie Qiu, Nina Siu Ngan Lam, Dale A. Quattrochi, John A. Gamon

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

62 Scopus citations


Two AVIRIS hyperspectral images selected from the Los Angeles area, one representing urban and the other rural, were used to examine their spatial complexity across their entire spectrum of the remote sensing data. Using the ICAMS (Image Characterization And Modeling System) software, we computed the fractal dimension values using the isarithm and triangular prism methods for all 224 bands in the two AVIRIS scenes. The resultant fractat dimensions reflect changes in image complexity across the spectral range of the hyperspectral images. Both the isarithm and triangular prism methods detect unusually high D values on the spectral bands that fall within the atmospheric absorption and scattering zones where signal-to-noise ratios are low. Fractal dimensions for the urban area resulted in higher values than for the rural landscape, and the differences between the resulting D values are more distinct in the visible bands. The triangular prism method is sensitive to a few random speckles in the images, leading to a lower dimensionality. On the contrary, the isarithm method will ignore the speckles and focus on the major variation dominating the surface, thus resulting in a higher dimension. It is seen where the fractal curves plotted for the entire bandwidth range of the hyperspectral images could be used to distinguish landscape types as well as for screening noisy bands.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)63-71
Number of pages9
JournalPhotogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1999
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computers in Earth Sciences


Dive into the research topics of 'Fractal characterization of hyperspectral imagery'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this