Friends, relatives, sanity, and health: The costs of politics

Kevin B. Smith, Matthew V. Hibbing, John R. Hibbing

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


Political scientists have long known that political involvement exacts costs but they have typically defined these costs in relatively narrow, largely economic terms. Though anecdotal evidence suggests that the costs of politics may in fact extend beyond economics to frayed personal relationships, compromised emotional stability, and even physical problems, no systematic evidence on these broader costs exists. We construct and validate batteries of survey items that delineate the physical, social, and emotional costs of political engagement and administer these items to a demographically representative sample of U.S. adults. The results suggest that a large number of Americans believe their physical health has been harmed by their exposure to politics and even more report that politics has resulted in emotional costs and lost friendships.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere0221870
JournalPloS one
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


Dive into the research topics of 'Friends, relatives, sanity, and health: The costs of politics'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this