Functional and Structural Alteration of Default Mode, Executive Control, and Salience Networks in Alcohol Use Disorder

Ji Woo Suk, Soonjo Hwang, Chaejoon Cheong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Alcohol use disorder (AUD) has been related to aberrant functional connectivity (FC) in the salience network (SN), executive control network (ECN), and default mode network (DMN). However, there is a lack of comprehensive and simultaneous examination of these networks in patients with AUD and of their relation to potential anatomical changes. We aimed to comprehensively examine the alteration in FC in the three networks in AUD patients, and the correlation of the alteration with anatomical/structural changes (volume) in the neural areas implicated in these networks, by applying voxel-based morphometry (VBM) and region of interest-to-region of interest connectivity analysis simultaneously. In all, 22 patients with AUD and 22 healthy adults participated in the study and underwent T1 magnetic resonance imaging. Patients with AUD showed increased FCs within the DMN and SN networks, especially in terms of connectivity of the frontal areas and bilateral hippocampi. They also showed decreased FCs in the ECN. In addition, there was significant volume reduction in these areas (frontal areas and hippocampus). The increased FCs within the frontal areas or bilateral hippocampi showed a negative correlation with gray matter volume of these areas in AUD patients. Our findings add to the empirical evidence that the frontal lobe and hippocampi are critical areas that are vulnerable to functional and structural changes due to AUD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number742228
JournalFrontiers in Psychiatry
Volume12
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 20 2021

Keywords

  • alcohol use disorder
  • functional connectivity
  • gray matter volume
  • resting-state fMRI
  • salience network
  • voxel-based morphometry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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