Mucins secreted from the gastrointestinal epithelium form the basis of the adherent mucus layer which is the host's first line of defense against invasion by Entamoeba histolytica. Galactose and N-acetyl-D-galactosamine residues of mucins specifically inhibit binding of the amebic 170 kDa heavy subunit Gal-lectin to target cells, an absolute prerequisite for pathogenesis. Herein we characterized the secretory mucins isolated from the human colon and from three human colonic adenocarcinoma cell lines: two with goblet cell-like (LS174T and T84) and one with absorptive cell-like morphology (Caco-2). By Northern blot analysis the intestinal mucin genes MUC2 and MUC3 were constitutively expressed by confluent LS174T and Caco-2 cells, whereas T84 cells only transcribed MUC2 and not MUC3 mRNA. 3H-glucosamine and 3H-threonine metabolically labeled proteins separated as high M(r) mucins in the void (V(o) > 106 Da) of Sepharose-4B column chromatography and remained in the stacking gel of SDS-PAGE as depicted by fluorography. All mucin preparations contained high amounts of N-acetyl-glucosamine, galactose, N-acetyl-galactosamine, fucose and sialic acid, saccharides typical of the O-linked carbohydrate side chains. Mucin samples from the human colon and from LS174T and Caco-2 cells inhibited E. histolytica adherence to chinese hamster ovary cells, whereas mucins from T84 cells did not. These results suggest that genetic heterogeneity and/or posttranslational modification in glycosylation of colonic mucins can affect specific epithelial barrier function against intestinal pathogens.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology|
|State||Published - 1998|
- Entamoeba histolytica
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