Further progress on lateral flow estimation using speckle size variation with scan direction

Tiantian Xu, Gregory R. Bashford

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

5 Scopus citations


Conventional blood flow velocity measurement using ultrasound is capable of resolving the axial component (i.e., that aligned with the ultrasound propagation direction) of the blood flow velocity vector. However, these Doppler-based methods are incapable of detecting blood flow in the direction normal to the ultrasound beam. In addition, these methods require repeated pulse-echo interrogation at the same spatial location. In this paper, we report additional data on a new method recently introduced. This method estimates the lateral component of blood flow within a single image frame using the observation that the speckle pattern corresponding to the blood reflectors (typically red blood cells) stretches (i.e., is "smeared") if the blood is moving in the same direction as the electronically-controlled transducer line selection in a 2D image. The situation is analogous to the observed elongation of a subject photographed with a moving camera. Experiments were performed with a blood flow phantom and high-frequency transducer of a commercially available ultrasound machine. Data was captured through an interface allowing access to the raw beamformed data. Blood flow with velocities ranging from 50 to 110 cm/s were investigated in this paper. Previously, we showed results indicating a linear relationship between the reciprocal of the speckle stretch factor and blood flow velocity when the scan velocity is greater than the blood flow velocity [1]. When the scan velocity is 64.8 cm/s, compared with the theoretical model, fitting results based on experimental data gave us a linear relationship with average flow estimation error of 1.74±1.48 cm/s. When the scan velocity is 37.4 cm/s, the average estimation error is 0.65±0.45 cm/s. The new experiments reported here include blood flow velocities that are close to and greater than the scan velocity. Results show that the linear relationship degrades under these conditions, which we hypothesize is due to speckle decorrelation and flow gradients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2009 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium and Short Courses, IUS 2009
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Number of pages4
ISBN (Print)9781424443895
StatePublished - 2009
Event2009 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, IUS 2009 - Rome, Italy
Duration: Sep 20 2009Sep 23 2009

Publication series

NameProceedings - IEEE Ultrasonics Symposium
ISSN (Print)1051-0117


Conference2009 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, IUS 2009


  • Blood flow
  • Speckle size
  • Velocity measurement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics


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