GATA zinc finger interactions modulate DNA binding and transactivation

C. D. Trainor, R. Ghirlando, M. A. Simpson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

85 Scopus citations


GATA-1 and other vertebrate GATA factors contain a DNA binding domain composed of two adjacent homologous zinc fingers. Whereas only the C-terminal finger of GATA-1 is capable of independent binding to tile GATA recognition sequence, double GATA sites that require both fingers for high affinity interaction are found in several genes. We propose a mechanism whereby adjacent zinc fingers interact to influence the binding and transactivation properties of GATA-1 at a subset of DNA-binding sites. By using two such double GATA sites we demonstrate that the N-terminal finger and adjacent linker region can alter the binding specificity of the C-terminal finger sufficiently to prevent it from recognizing some consensus GATA sequences. Therefore, the two zinc fingers form a composite binding domain haying a different DNA binding specificity from that shown by the constituent single C-terminal finger. Furthermore, we compare two of these double sites and show that high affinity binding of GATA-1 to a reporter gene does not necessarily induce transactivation, namely the sequence of the DNA-binding site can alter the ability of GATA-1 to stimulate transcription.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)28157-28166
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number36
StatePublished - Sep 8 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


Dive into the research topics of 'GATA zinc finger interactions modulate DNA binding and transactivation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this