General Surgery Training in the USA, UK, and India: a Scrutiny of Strength and Challenges

Gaurav Jain, Chandrakanth Are, Vikesh Agrawal, Pawan Agarwal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Surgicaltraining programs across the globe have the responsibility of preparing the future generation of surgeons while promoting quality and patient safety. Surgical training differs significantly between countries, which can be based on the requirements of local accrediting bodies, different patient populations, different healthcare delivery systems and cultural and traditional patterns unique to that particular training environment. In this article, we reviewed General surgery residency training in the USA, UK, and India to identify strengths and challenges. We also highlighted salient aspects of training, including duration of the training, resident work-hours, operative opportunities, rotation and supervision, essential skill development, research activity, assessment, and regulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)318-325
Number of pages8
JournalIndian Journal of Surgery
StatePublished - Apr 2022


  • General surgery training
  • India
  • Residency
  • UK
  • USA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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