Generation of a static plasma electron grating

Dominika Maslarova, Vojtěch Horný, Qiang Chen, Junzhi Wang, Shao Xian Lee, Donald Umstadter

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Scopus citations


A grid of equidistant electron stripes is generated during the collision of two laser pulses under a small angle in underdense plasma. Due to the oblique incidence, transverse standing wave in plasma is observed, in addition to the longitudinal traveling wave of the compound laser field. This standing wave results in the generation of plasma density grating. The ratio of the peak stripe density to background density can reach the value of 20:1. The grating period is determined by the interaction angle. Analytical theory of the compound electric fields is provided for plane waves. The grating formation is then verified via particle-in-cell simulations for short Gaussian laser pulses with typical experimental parameters. In addition, the interference pattern was also observed during experiments with Diocles laser. The results presented here are relevant for many laser-plasma applications, such as Raman scattering, inertial confinement fusion, plasma photonic crystals and laser wakefield acceleration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationLaser Acceleration of Electrons, Protons, and Ions VI
EditorsStepan S. Bulanov, Jorg Schreiber, Carl B. Schroeder
ISBN (Electronic)9781510643925
StatePublished - 2021
EventLaser Acceleration of Electrons, Protons, and Ions VI 2021 - Virtual, Online, Czech Republic
Duration: Apr 19 2021Apr 23 2021

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X


ConferenceLaser Acceleration of Electrons, Protons, and Ions VI 2021
Country/TerritoryCzech Republic
CityVirtual, Online


  • Laser plasma
  • Photonic crystal
  • Plasma grating
  • Plasma photonic crystal
  • Short laser pulses
  • Standing wave

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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