We have developed a technique called the generation of longer cDNA fragments from serial analysis of gene expression (SAGE) tags for gene identification (GLGI), to convert SAGE tags of 10 bases into their corresponding 3' cDNA fragments covering hundred bases. A primer containing the 10-base SAGE tag is used as the sense primer, and a single base anchored oligo(dT) primer is used as an antisense primer in PCR, together with Pfu DNA polymerase. By using this approach, a cDNA fragment extending from the SAGE tag toward the 3' end of the corresponding sequence can be generated. Application of the GLGI technique can solve two critical issues in applying the SAGE technique: one is that a longer fragment corresponding to a SAGE tag, which has no match in databases, can be generated for further studies; the other is that the specific fragment corresponding to a SAGE tag can be identified from multiple sequences that match the same SAGE tag. The development of the GLGI method provides several potential applications. First, it provides a strategy for even wider application of the SAGE technique for quantitative analysis of global gene expression. Second, a combined application of SAGE/GLGI can be used to complete the catalogue of the expressed genes in human and in other eukaryotic species. Third, it can be used to identify the 3' cDNA sequence from any exon within a gene. It can also be used to confirm the reality of exons predicted by bioinformatic tools in genomic sequences. Fourth, a combined application of SAGE/GLGI can be applied to define the 3' boundary of expressed genes in the genomic sequences in human and in other eukaryotic genomes.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - Jan 4 2000|
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