Genes and brain malformations associated with abnormal neuron positioning

Jeffrey J. Moffat, Minhan Ka, Eui Man Jung, Woo Yang Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Neuronal positioning is a fundamental process during brain development. Abnormalities in this process cause several types of brain malformations and are linked to neurodevelopmental disorders such as autism, intellectual disability, epilepsy, and schizophrenia. Little is known about the pathogenesis of developmental brain malformations associated with abnormal neuron positioning, which has hindered research into potential treatments. However, recent advances in neurogenetics provide clues to the pathogenesis of aberrant neuronal positioning by identifying causative genes. This may help us form a foundation upon which therapeutic tools can be developed. In this review, we first provide a brief overview of neural development and migration, as they relate to defects in neuronal positioning. We then discuss recent progress in identifying genes and brain malformations associated with aberrant neuronal positioning during human brain development.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number72
JournalMolecular Brain
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 5 2015

Keywords

  • Brain malformation
  • Cortical dysplasia
  • DCX
  • Heterotopia
  • LIS1
  • Lissencephaly
  • Microcephaly
  • Neuron migration
  • Neuron positioning
  • Polymicrogyria
  • Reelin
  • TUBA1A

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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