Genetic and molecular analysis of vg(U) and vg(W): Two dominant vg alleles associated with gene fusions in Drosophila

J. A. Williams, I. M. Scott, A. L. Atkin, W. J. Brook, M. A. Russell, J. B. Bell

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8 Scopus citations

Abstract

In the absence of a vg+ gene, extensive cell death occurs in third instar imaginal discus, which results in a complete loss of adult wing margin structures. Essentially all molecularly characterized vg alleles are associated with deletions or insertions of DNA into the vg locus. These alterations reduce or eliminate a 3.8-kb vg-specific transcript, resulting in recessive loss of function alleles. We report here the analysis of two dominant vg alleles which have been identified (vg(U) and vg(W)). The vg(U) allele is associated with a chromosomal inversion which splits the vg locus, resulting in a gene fusion between vg and the mastermind (mam) neurogenic locus. Reversion analysis of vg(U) indicates that sequences from the mam locus are required for vg(U) dominance. The vg(W) allele is also the result of a chromosomal inversion, in this case resulting in a gene fusion between vg and the homeobox-containing invected (inv) gene. It is also associated with novel dominant homeotic transformations. Revertant analysis indicates that sequences from inv are required for the dominant wing and dominant homeotic effects of vg(W). The vg dominance does not appear to be mediated through a reduction of vg expression or a novel fusion transcript in either vg(U) or vg(W). The results are consistent with a model in which inappropriate expression of inv causes the dominant homeotic effects seen in vg(W).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)833-844
Number of pages12
JournalGenetics
Volume125
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1990

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

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    Williams, J. A., Scott, I. M., Atkin, A. L., Brook, W. J., Russell, M. A., & Bell, J. B. (1990). Genetic and molecular analysis of vg(U) and vg(W): Two dominant vg alleles associated with gene fusions in Drosophila. Genetics, 125(4), 833-844.