Genetic code supports targeted insertion of two amino acids by one codon

Anton A. Turanov, Alexey V. Lobanov, Dmitri E. Fomenko, Hilary G. Morrison, Mitchell L. Sogin, Lawrence A. Klobutcher, Dolph L. Hatfield, Vadim N. Gladyshev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

79 Scopus citations

Abstract

Strict one-to-one correspondence between codons and amino acids is thought to be an essential feature of the genetic code. However, we report that one codon can code for two different amino acids with the choice of the inserted amino acid determined by a specific 3′ untranslated region structure and location of the dual-function codon within the messenger RNA (mRNA). We found that the codon UGA specifies insertion of selenocysteine and cysteine in the ciliate Euplotes crassus, that the dual use of this codon can occur even within the same gene, and that the structural arrangements of Euplotes mRNA preserve location-dependent dual function of UGA when expressed in mammalian cells. Thus, the genetic code supports the use of one codon to code for multiple amino acids.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)259-261
Number of pages3
JournalScience
Volume323
Issue number5911
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 9 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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    Turanov, A. A., Lobanov, A. V., Fomenko, D. E., Morrison, H. G., Sogin, M. L., Klobutcher, L. A., Hatfield, D. L., & Gladyshev, V. N. (2009). Genetic code supports targeted insertion of two amino acids by one codon. Science, 323(5911), 259-261. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1164748