Genetic Polymorphisms in Sepsis

Allen Namath, Andrew J. Patterson

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

This article is meant to serve as a summary of scientific advances from the past 5 years with regard to genetic polymorphisms in sepsis. It is also meant to highlight some of the discoveries that may improve our ability to identify vulnerable patients at earlier time points in sepsis, when interventions are more likely to have a positive effect. The article begins with an overview of polymorphism studies and a discussion of candidate gene versus genome-wide association studies. Next, an overview of polymorphisms associated with sepsis is presented. The overview includes detailed descriptions of E-selectin, apolipoprotein E, and C-reactive protein polymorphisms and a table in which numerous other sepsis-related polymorphisms are introduced. An examination of consortia-based projects that have the potential to catalyze sepsis research is included as is a preview of technological advancements that are likely to strongly influence sepsis studies in the near future. The article concludes with a brief consideration of ethical and social issues relevant to human genomic studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)181-202
Number of pages22
JournalCritical care nursing clinics of North America
Volume23
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2011

Keywords

  • Gene
  • Genetic variation
  • Polymorphism
  • Predisposition
  • Sepsis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care

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