Genome-wide discovery of natural variation in pre-mRNA splicing and prioritising causal alternative splicing to salt stress response in rice

Huihui Yu, Qian Du, Malachy Campbell, Bin Yu, Harkamal Walia, Chi Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Pre-mRNA splicing is an essential step for the regulation of gene expression. In order to specifically capture splicing variants in plants for genome-wide association studies (GWAS), we developed a software tool to quantify and visualise Variations of Splicing in Population (VaSP). VaSP can quantify splicing variants from short-read RNA-seq datasets and discover genotype-specific splicing (GSS) events, which can be used to prioritise causal pre-mRNA splicing events in GWAS. We applied our method to an RNA-seq dataset with 328 samples from 82 genotypes from a rice diversity panel exposed to optimal and saline growing conditions. In total, 764 significant GSS events were identified in salt stress conditions. GSS events were used as markers for a GWAS with the shoot Na+ accumulation, which identified six GSS events in five genes significantly associated with the shoot Na+ content. Two of these genes, OsNUC1 and OsRAD23 emerged as top candidate genes with splice variants that exhibited significant divergence between the variants for shoot growth under salt stress conditions. VaSP is a versatile tool for alternative splicing analysis in plants and a powerful tool for prioritising candidate causal pre-mRNA splicing and corresponding genomic variations in GWAS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1273-1287
Number of pages15
JournalNew Phytologist
Volume230
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2021

Keywords

  • alternative splicing (AS)
  • genotype-specific RNA splicing (GSS)
  • prioritisation
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • salt stress
  • splice site mutation
  • splicing quantitative trait locus (sQTL)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Plant Science

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