Genomic regions of coxsackievirus B3 associated with cardiovirulence

Cheol Lee, Elizabeth Maull, Nora Chapman, Steve Tracy, Charles Gauntt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


The molecular basis for cardiovirulence in the coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3) genome was examined in a murine model of acute myocarditis. Infectious cDNAs representing a highly cardiovirulent coxsackievirus R3 (CVB3(m)) and a noncardio-virulent (CVB3(o)) virus were used to construct infectious chimeric cDNAs. Assays of the resulting recombinant viruses for cardiovirulence in adolescent male CD-1 mice showed that the 5' nontranslated region (5' NTR) of the CVB3(m) genome plays the major role in determining cardiovirulence and that the genomic region encoding the capsid proteins has a minor additive effect in increasing cardiovirulence. Nucleotide sequences in the 5' NTR of COB3(m) and CVB3(o) differ at 23 positions; 14 are located in four stem-loop motifs of the secondary structure and may influence the cardiovirulent phenotype by regulating RNA or protein synthesis. A comparison of predicted amino acid sequences of capsid proteins in CVB3(m) and COB3(o) identified two amino acids as potential candidate contributors to cardiovirulence, i.e., amino acids at positions A207 (Asn-Asp) in the puff structure of the E-F loop of VP2 and A566 (Gln-Glu) in the C terminal of VP3 at the external surface. The data from this study and published literature support the conclusion that cardiovirulence of a CVB3 can depend on several regions of the genome.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)341-347
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Medical Virology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 1997


  • Chimeric viruses
  • Coxsackieviruses group B
  • Mice
  • Myocarditis
  • Recombinant viruses

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology
  • Infectious Diseases

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