Genotyping and subtyping cryptosporidium to identify risk factors and transmission patterns - Nebraska, 2015-2017

Brianna K. Loeck, Caitlin Pedati, Peter C. Iwen, Emily McCutchen, Dawn M. Roellig, Michele C. Hlavsa, Kathleen Fullerton, Thomas Safranek, Anna V. Carlson

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

What is already known about this topic? Fecal-oral transmission of Cryptosporidium can occur following contact with an infected animal or person or through ingestion of contaminated water or food. What is added by this report? Molecular typing of Cryptosporidium in Nebraska during 2015-2017 found that C. parvum cases were associated with animal exposures in rural settings, whereas C. hominis cases were more likely to occur in urban areas. Several child care facilities affected by the same C. hominis subtype suggested community-wide transmission and indicated a need for effective exclusion policies. What are the implications for public health practice? Characterizing Cryptosporidium species, genotypes, and subtypes from urban and rural populations can improve outbreak detection and investigation, identify potential sources, and inform prevention strategies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)335-338
Number of pages4
JournalMorbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Volume69
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 27 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Health(social science)
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
  • Health Information Management

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    Loeck, B. K., Pedati, C., Iwen, P. C., McCutchen, E., Roellig, D. M., Hlavsa, M. C., Fullerton, K., Safranek, T., & Carlson, A. V. (2020). Genotyping and subtyping cryptosporidium to identify risk factors and transmission patterns - Nebraska, 2015-2017. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 69(12), 335-338. https://doi.org/10.15585/MMWR.MM6912A4