Gestational risks and psychiatric disorders among indigenous adolescents

Les B. Whitbeck, Devan M. Crawford

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


This study reports on the effects maternal prenatal binge drinking, cigarette smoking, drug use, and pregnancy and birth complications on meeting criteria for psychiatric disorders at ages 10-12 and 13-15 years among 546 Indigenous adolescents from a single culture in the northern Midwest and Canada. Adolescent DSM-IV psychiatric disorders were assessed with the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children-Revised (DISC-R). Results indicate that maternal behaviors when pregnant have significant effects on adolescent psychiatric disorders even when controlling for age and gender of adolescent, family per capita income, living in a single mother household, and adolescent reports of mother's positive parenting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)62-72
Number of pages11
JournalCommunity Mental Health Journal
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2009


  • American Indian adolescents
  • Gestational risk
  • Indigenous adolescents
  • Psychiatric disorder

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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