Global trends in the burden of liver cancer

Chandrakanth Are, Bria Meyer, Apollo Stack, Humera Ahmad, Lynette Smith, Biyun Qian, Tianqiang Song, Sanjib Chowdhury

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to describe the influence of geography, socio-economic development, and demographic shift on the trends in global incidence, mortality, and prevalence of liver cancer (LC). METHODS: Data (2012-2030) relating to LC and demographic shifts based on WHO regions and HDI areas were extracted from GLOBOCAN 2012 and analyzed to evaluate trends in incidence, mortality, and prevalence. RESULTS: The results of our study document a rising global burden of LC with the maximum impact in the WPRO region. We did not observe a definite association between LC and higher socio-economic status with the highest burden in the MHD region. For the MHD region, we noticed age reversal in burden from the younger age group currently to the older age group in the future (2030). Another finding is the high burden and early onset of disease in some low-income countries such as Mongolia, Lao PDR, and Vietnam. CONCLUSION: The results of our study demonstrate a rising global burden of LC with some significant but uneven trends based on geography, age, and socio-economic status. This information can be used to shape policy and aid strategic targeting of resources to areas with the highest burden.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)591-602
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Surgical Oncology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Apr 1 2017


  • Human Development Index
  • WHO regions
  • burden
  • demographic shift
  • liver cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oncology


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