Glycoprotein analysis using lectin microcolumns and capillary electrophoresis: Characterization of alpha1-acid glycoprotein by combined separation methods

Chenhua Zhang, Katherine N. Schumacher, Eric D. Dodds, David S. Hage

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Separations based on combinations of 2.1 mm I.D. high-performance affinity microcolumns and capillary electrophoresis were developed and used to characterize the glycoforms of an intact glycoprotein. Human alpha1-acid glycoprotein (AGP) was used as a model analyte due to its heterogeneous glycosylation resulting from variations in its degree of branching, fucosylation, and number of sialic acids. Three separation formats were examined based on microcolumns that contained the lectins concanavalin A (Con A) or Aleuria aurantia lectin (AAL). These microcolumns were used with one another or in combination with capillary electrophoresis. N-Glycan analysis of the non-retained and retained AGP fractions was carried out by using PNGase F digestion and nanoflow electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. Con A microcolumns were found to selectively enrich AGP that contained bi-antennary N-glycans, while AAL microcolumns retained AGP with fucose-containing N-glycans. Results from these separation methods indicated that fucosylation of the N-linked glycans was more abundant when a high degree of branching was present in AGP. Sialic acid residues were more abundant when higher degrees of branching and more fucose residues were present in AGP. The separation and analysis methods that were developed could be used with relatively small amounts of AGP and can be adapted for use with other intact glycoproteins.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number122855
JournalJournal of Chromatography B: Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Volume1179
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2021

Keywords

  • Affinity microcolumn
  • Alpha-acid glycoprotein
  • Capillary electrophoresis
  • Combined separation methods
  • Glycoform analysis
  • Lectins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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