Gonadotropin secretion and development of ovarian follicles during oestrous cycles in heifers treated with luteinizing hormone releasing hormone antagonist

K. E. Fike, E. G. Bergfeld, A. S. Cupp, F. N. Kojima, V. Mariscal, T. Sanchez, M. E. Wehrman, H. E. Grotjan, D. L. Hamernik, R. J. Kittok, J. E. Kinder

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Abstract

The hypothesis tested was that reduced LHRH stimulation of the anterior pituitary would lead to attenuated development of ovarian follicles as a result of reduced gonadotropin secretion during oestrous cycles of cattle. Twenty heifers were randomly assigned to be treated (n = 5/treatment) with an antagonist to LHRH (LHRH-Ant 1) from Day 2 to 7 (Day 0 = behavioural oestrus), 2) Day 7 to 12, 3) Day 12 to 17, 4) or serve as untreated control animals. LHRH-Ant suppressed LH pulses of heifers in all treatment groups from treatment initiation through Day 17 as compared with untreated control heifers [Peters et al., 1994. Luteinizing hormone has a role in development of fully functional corpora lutea (CL) but is not required to maintain CL function in heifers. Biol. Reprod., 51 (1994) 1248-1254]. Circulating concentration of FSH from Day 8 to 10 of the oestrous cycle did not increase in heifers treated with LHRH-Ant from Day 2 to 7 or Day 7 to 12; however, there was increased (P < 0.05) FSH from Day 8 to 10 of the oestrous cycle in heifers treated with LHRH-Ant from Day 12 to 17 and control heifers. Compared with control heifers, heifers treated with LHRH-Ant from the Day 2 to 7 had suppressed (P< 0.05) size and persistence of the first and second dominant ovarian follicles. Heifers treated with L RH-Ant from Day 7 to 12 had suppressed size (P < 0.05) and tended (P < 0.10) to have a shorter persistence of the second dominant ovarian follicle compared with control heifers. Heifers treated with LHRH-Ant from Day 12 to 17 had a similar (P > 0.10) size and persistence of dominant ovarian follicles but had reduced (P < 0.10) numbers of large follicles compared with control heifers. Heifers treated with LHRH-Ant from Day 2 to 7 had lower (P < 0.01) concentrations of 17β-oestradiol during the treatment period and tended (P < 0.10) to have lower concentrations of 17β-oestradiol from Day 7 to 12 of the oestrous cycle compared with control heifers. Heifers treated with LHRH-Ant from Day 7 to 12 or Day 12 to 17 had similar (P > 0.10) circulating concentrations of 17β-oestradiol compared with control heifers. Reduced LHRH stimulation of the pituitary from Day 2 to 12 of the oestrous cycle and the resulting modulation in circulating LH and FSH led to suppressed ovarian follicular development and oestradiol secretion. After Day 12 of the oestrous cycle, reduced LHRH stimulation of the anterior pituitary did not lead to altered ovarian follicular development to the extent as reduced LHRH stimulation before Day 12 although pulsatile release of LH was similarly suppressed by treatment with the LHRH-Ant.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)83-100
Number of pages18
JournalAnimal Reproduction Science
Volume49
Issue number2-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 5 1997

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Keywords

  • FSH
  • Follicular dynamics
  • LH
  • LHRH antagonist

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Animals
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Endocrinology

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