Formulae for calculating the analytic gradients of the exchange-repulsion energy in the general effective fragment potential (EFP2) method are derived and implemented using a direct differentiation approach. The timings for the exchange repulsion gradient evaluations are approximately three times longer than the energy evaluations, orders of magnitude faster than a previous implementation. Since the direct differentiation approach is not approximate, the gradients can be used with confidence in molecular dynamics and Monte Carlo simulations with the EFP2 method.
- Effective fragment potential
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry