Gradients of the polarization energy in the effective fragment potential method

Hui Li, Heather M. Netzloff, Mark S. Gordon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Scopus citations


The effective fragment potential (EFP) method is an ab initio based polarizable classical method in which the intermolecular interaction parameters are obtained from preparative ab initio calculations on isolated molecules. The polarization energy in the EFP method is modeled with asymmetric anisotropic dipole polarizability tensors located at the centroids of localized bond and lone pair orbitals of the molecules. Analytic expressions for the translational and rotational gradients (forces and torques) of the EFP polarization energy have been derived and implemented. Periodic boundary conditions (the minimum image convention) and switching functions have also been implemented for the polarization energy, as well as for other EFP interaction terms. With these improvements, molecular dynamics simulations can be performed with the EFP method for various chemical systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number194103
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Issue number19
StatePublished - 2006
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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