Grain sorghum lipids: Extraction, characterization, and health potential

Bo Hyun Lee, Curtis L. Weller, Susan L. Cuppett, Timothy P. Carr, Jens Walter, Inés Martínez, Vicki L. Schlegel

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Scopus citations


Grain sorghum (GS) lipid contains valuable phytochemicals that may have potential critical health benefits. Although the chemical composition of GS lipids varies among studies due to different extraction methods, intrinsic factors, such as variety, and the analytical methods applied, it has been consistently reported that GS lipids contain phytosterols, policosanols, unsaturated fatty acids, aldehydes and steryl/wax esters. A series of hamster studies showed that GS lipids exerted health-benefiting effects on cholesterol metabolism and intestinal microbiota. In-vitro experiment with a colon cancer cell line also showed its possible role in cancer inhibition. Exact mechanisms and bioactive compounds related to these effects have not been elucidated. Studies are in progress to understand the possible health benefitting mechanisms as well as to determine the responsible bioactive compounds.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAdvances in Cereal Science
Subtitle of host publicationImplications to Food Processing and Health Promotion
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
Number of pages22
ISBN (Print)9780841226364
StatePublished - 2011

Publication series

NameACS Symposium Series
ISSN (Print)0097-6156
ISSN (Electronic)1947-5918

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering


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