Recently, carbon-based materials (e.g., graphene, carbon nanotubes, carbon quantum dots) have been used as electrocatalysts to catalyze the reactions such as hydrogen evolution reaction (HER), oxygen evolution reaction (OER), and oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). Among them, graphene has attracted attention as an electrocatalyst, and its electrocatalytic performances have been improved by doping with metals and non-metals, surface and defect engineering, and hybrid development. In this perspective, the present paper reviewed the recent advances (2018 onwards) on the progress of graphene-based electrocatalysts for HER and overall water splitting (OWS). It is emphasizing strategies for optimizing electrocatalytic properties followed by challenges and future outlook. This review will provide the essential ideas and strategies that can help design graphene-based electrocatalysts of high performance that can be implemented for sustainable energy application.
- Hydrogen evolution reaction
- Overall water splitting
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Fuel Technology
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology