Green and sustainable natural wastewater treatment/disposal technologies

Anushuya Ramakrishnan, Tian C. Zhang, Rao Y. Surampalli

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


This chapter focuses on the concepts and major categories of green and sustainable wastewater treatment and disposal technologies (GSNWWTDTs). It also focuses on few selected GSNWWTDTs. The chapter explores the principles, advantages, applications, and considerations of GSNWWTDTs. It describes the strategies to implement these GSNWWTDTs along with future trends. Some of the selected GSNWWTDTs described in the chapter include lagoon treatment systems, wetlands and aquatic treatment systems, anaerobic digestion, and geopurification systems. Management strategies for sustainable GSNWWTDTS and decentralized wastewater management (DWM) systems should be site-specific, considering the local social, cultural, environmental, and economic conditions. Choice of the most appropriate technology for the local conditions is an important management strategy. Effective programs for wastewater management and reclamation, including education and information programs, laws and standards, wastewater reclamation and reuse programs, coupled with public involvement in decision making, would ensure sustainable urban wastewater management for communities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationGreen Technologies for Sustainable Water Management
PublisherAmerican Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)
Number of pages44
ISBN (Electronic)9780784479780
ISBN (Print)9780784414422
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)


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