GRFS and CRFS in alternative donor hematopoietic cell transplantation for pediatric patients with acute leukemia

Rohtesh S. Mehta, Shernan G. Holtan, Tao Wang, Michael T. Hemmer, Stephen R. Spellman, Mukta Arora, Daniel R. Couriel, Amin M. Alousi, Joseph Pidala, Hisham Abdel-Azim, Ibrahim Ahmed, Mahmoud Aljurf, Medhat Askar, Jeffery J. Auletta, Vijaya Bhatt, Christopher Bredeson, Saurabh Chhabra, Shahinaz Gadalla, James Gajewski, Robert Peter GaleUsama Gergis, Peiman Hematti, Gerhard C. Hildebrandt, Yoshihiro Inamoto, Carrie Kitko, Pooja Khandelwal, Margaret L. MacMillan, Navneet Majhail, David I. Marks, Parinda Mehta, Taiga Nishihori, Richard F. Olsson, Attaphol Pawarode, Miguel Angel Diaz, Tim Prestidge, Muna Qayed, Hemalatha Rangarajan, Olle Ringden, Ayman Saad, Bipin N. Savani, Sachiko Seo, Ami Shah, Niketa Shah, Kirk R. Schultz, Melhem Solh, Thomas Spitzer, Jeffrey Szer, Takanori Teshima, Leo F. Verdonck, Kirsten M. Williams, Baldeep Wirk, John Wagner, Jean A. Yared, Daniel J. Weisdorf

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Abstract

We report graft-versus-host disease (GVHD)-free relapse-free survival (GRFS) (a composite end point of survival without grade III-IV acute GVHD [aGVHD], systemic therapy-requiring chronic GVHD [cGVHD], or relapse) and cGVHD-free relapse-free survival (CRFS) among pediatric patients with acute leukemia (n = 1613) who underwent transplantation with 1 antigen-mismatched (7/8) bone marrow (BM; n = 172) or umbilical cord blood (UCB; n = 1441). Multivariate analysis was performed using Cox proportional hazards models. To account for multiple testing, P < .01 for the donor/graft variable was considered statistically significant. Clinical characteristics were similar between UCB and 7/8 BM recipients, because most had acute lymphoblastic leukemia (62%), 64% received total body irradiation-based conditioning, and 60% received anti-thymocyte globulin or alemtuzumab. Methotrexate-based GVHD prophylaxis was more common with 7/8 BM (79%) than with UCB (15%), in which mycophenolate mofetil was commonly used. The univariate estimates of GRFS and CRFS were 22% (95% confidence interval [CI], 16-29) and 27% (95% CI, 20-34), respectively, with 7/8 BM and 33% (95% CI, 31-36) and 38% (95% CI, 35-40), respectively, with UCB (P < .001). In multivariate analysis, 7/8 BM vs UCB had similar GRFS (hazard ratio [HR], 1.12; 95% CI, 0.87-1.45; P = .39), CRFS (HR, 1.06; 95% CI, 0.82-1.38; P = .66), overall survival (HR, 1.07; 95% CI, 0.80-1.44; P = .66), and relapse (HR, 1.44; 95% CI, 1.03-2.02; P = .03). However, the 7/8 BM group had a significantly higher risk for grade III-IV aGVHD (HR, 1.70; 95% CI, 1.16-2.48; P = .006) compared with the UCB group. UCB and 7/8 BM groups had similar outcomes, as measured by GRFS and CRFS. However, given the higher risk for grade III-IV aGVHD, UCB might be preferred for patients lacking matched donors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1441-1449
Number of pages9
JournalBlood Advances
Volume3
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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Mehta, R. S., Holtan, S. G., Wang, T., Hemmer, M. T., Spellman, S. R., Arora, M., Couriel, D. R., Alousi, A. M., Pidala, J., Abdel-Azim, H., Ahmed, I., Aljurf, M., Askar, M., Auletta, J. J., Bhatt, V., Bredeson, C., Chhabra, S., Gadalla, S., Gajewski, J., ... Weisdorf, D. J. (2019). GRFS and CRFS in alternative donor hematopoietic cell transplantation for pediatric patients with acute leukemia. Blood Advances, 3(9), 1441-1449. https://doi.org/10.1182/bloodadvances.2018030171