Group and Organizational Safety Norms Set the Stage for Good Post-Fall Huddles

Joseph A. Allen, Roni Reiter-Palmon, Victoria Kennel, Katherine J. Jones

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We explored group and organizational safety norms as antecedents to meeting leader behaviors and achievement of desired outcomes in a special after-action review case—a post-fall huddle. A longitudinal survey design was used to investigate the relationship between organizational/group safety norms, huddle leader behavior, and huddle meeting effectiveness. The sample included health care workers in critical access hospitals (N = 206) who completed a baseline safety norm assessment and an assessment of post-fall huddle experiences 3 to 6 months later. Findings indicate that organizational and group safety norms relate to perceived huddle meeting effectiveness through appropriate huddle leader behavior in a partial mediated framework. In contrast to previous research showing after-action reviews predicting group and organizational safety norms, the longitudinal study presented here suggests that group and organizational safety norms set the stage for the enactment of post-fall huddles in an effective manner.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)465-475
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Leadership and Organizational Studies
Issue number4
StatePublished - Nov 1 2019


  • after action reviews
  • leadership
  • post-fall huddles
  • safety norms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Strategy and Management
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
  • Management Science and Operations Research


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