Growing degree-day influence on sprigged establishment of two buffalograss cultivars

Kenton W. Peterson, Robert C. Shearman, Roch E. Gaussoin, Garald L. Horst, Walter H. Schacht

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Attempts to establish buffalograss [Buchloë dactyloides (Nutt.) Engelm.] turfs from sprigs have been limited and successful stand establishment has been inconsistent. This study was conducted to determine whether accumulated growing degree-days (GDD) and cultivar of harvested sprigs have an effect on buffalograss sprig establish-ment. Two field studies were conducted on a Tomek silty-clay loam (fine smectitic mesic Pachic Agriudolls) in 2007 and again in 2008. The cultivars Legacy, a hexaploid, and Prestige, a tetraploid, were used in this investigation. Sprigs were harvested and planted on 29 June, 17 July, 31 July, and 15 Aug. in 2007 and 15 May, 4 June, 19 June, 2 July, 21 July, 31 July, and 18 Aug. in 2008. The GDDs were back-calculated from these harvest dates. The harvest date of the sprigs represented 1050, 1380, 1670, and 1980 GDD in 2007 and 120, 380, 620, 840, 1200, 1400, and 1720 in 2008. Aboveground buffalograss phytomass and percent buffalograss groundcover data were collected in 2007 and 2008. In 2008, total available sugar and starch content of harvested sprigs were determined for each sprig harvest date. In the 2007 studies, sprigs harvested at 1050 GDDs resulted in the best establishment for both cultivars. In the 2008 studies, 'Legacy' established successfully through 840 GDDs, and 'Prestige' established through 1200 GDDs. Sugar or starch content did not appear to influence sprigging success. These results support the recommendation to establish buffalograss from sprigs harvested before 1050 GDDs for best results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)293-298
Number of pages6
JournalHortScience
Volume45
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2010

Keywords

  • Carbohydrate
  • Establishment
  • Heat units
  • Stolonizing
  • Turfgrass

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Horticulture

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Growing degree-day influence on sprigged establishment of two buffalograss cultivars'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this