Growth Hormone Secretion, Serum, and Cerebral Spinal Fluid Insulin and Insulin-Like Growth Factor-l Concentrations in Pigs with Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetes Mellitus

C. R. Barb, N. M. Cox, C. A. Carlton, W. J. Chang, R. F. Randle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus was induced using streptozotocin in five gilts between 8 and 12 weeks of age. Gilts were maintained with exogenous insulin (INS) except during experimental periods. Four litter-mate gilts served as controls. At 9 months of age, all gilts were ovariectomized, and 30 days after ovariectomy, Experiment (Exp) 1 was conducted. Jugular vein catheters were inserted and blood samples were collected every 10 min for 8 hr. Experiment 2 was conducted when gilts were 11 months of age. Venous blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples were collected in the absence (Phase I) or presence (Phase II) of INS therapy. In Experiment 1, plasma glucose concentrations were greater (P < 0.05) in diabetic (465 × 17 mg/100 ml) than in control (82 mg × 17 mg/100 ml) gilts, whereas serum INS was lower (P < 0.0001) in diabetic gilts (0.3 × 0.02 vs 0.9 × 0.05 ng/ml) and insulin-like growth factor-l was similar in diabetic and control gilts (32 × 3 vs 43 × 4 ng/ml, respectively). Mean serum GH concentration was 2-fold greater (P < 0.02) in diabetics (2.8 × 0.4 ng/ml) than in control gilts (1.2 × 0.2 ng/ml). Diabetic gilts exhibited a greater (P < 0.05) number of GH pulses than control gilts (3.2 × 0.4 vs 1.5 × 0.3/8 hr, respectively). In addition, GH pulse magnitude was markedly elevated (P < 0.02) in diabetic (5.8 × 0.4 ng/ml) compared with control gilts (3.3 × 0.6 ng/ml). Mean basal serum GH concentrations were greater (P < 0.07) in diabetic (2.2 × 0.5 ng/ml) compared with control gilts (1.0 × .1 ng/ml). In Experiment 2, CSF concentrations of insulin-like growth factor-l, INS, GH, and protein were similar for diabetic and control gilts in both phases. Serum GH levels were similar for diabetics and controls in Phase I, but were greater (P < 0.05) in diabetics than in controls in Phase II. CSF glucose levels were greater in diabetic than in control gilts in both the presence (P < 0.003) and absence (P < 0.0002) of INS therapy, whereas plasma glucose was greater (P < 0.003) in diabetic than in control gilts in the absence of INS, but returned to control concentrations in the presence of INS. However, serum GH levels were unchanged after INS therapy in the diabetic gilts. In conclusion, altered GH secretion in the diabetic gilt may, in part, be due to elevated CSF glucose concentrations, which may alter GH-releasing hormone and/or somatostatin secretion from the hypothalamus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)223-228
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine
Volume201
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Growth Hormone Secretion, Serum, and Cerebral Spinal Fluid Insulin and Insulin-Like Growth Factor-l Concentrations in Pigs with Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetes Mellitus'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this