GSK3 inhibitor-loaded osteotropic Pluronic hydrogel effectively mitigates periodontal tissue damage associated with experimental periodontitis

Yosif Almoshari, Rongguo Ren, Haipeng Zhang, Zhenshan Jia, Xin Wei, Ningrong Chen, Guojuan Li, Sangjin Ryu, Subodh M. Lele, Richard A. Reinhardt, Dong Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Periodontitis is a chronic inflammatory disease caused by complex interactions between the host immune system and pathogens that affect the integrity of periodontium. To prevent disease progression and thus preserve alveolar bone structure, simultaneous anti-inflammatory and osteogenic intervention are essential. Hence, a glycogen synthase kinase 3 beta inhibitor (BIO) was selected as a potent inflammation modulator and osteogenic agent to achieve this treatment objective. BIO's lack of osteotropicity, poor water solubility, and potential long-term systemic side effects, however, have hampered its clinical applications. To address these limitations, pyrophosphorylated Pluronic F127 (F127-PPi) was synthesized and mixed with regular F127 to prepare an injectable and thermoresponsive hydrogel formulation (PF127) of BIO, which could adhere to hard tissue and gradually release BIO to exert its therapeutic effects locally. Comparing to F127 hydrogel, PF127 hydrogels exhibited stronger binding to hydroxyapatite (HA). Additionally, BIO's solubility in PF127 solution was dramatically improved over F127 solution and the improvement was proportional to the polymer concentration. When evaluated on a rat model of periodontitis, PF127-BIO hydrogel treatment was found to be very effective in preserving alveolar bone and ligament, and preventing periodontal inflammation, as shown by the micro-CT and histological data, respectively. Altogether, these findings suggested that the thermoresponsive PF127 hydrogel is an effective local drug delivery system for better clinical management of periodontitis and associated pathologies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number120293
JournalBiomaterials
Volume261
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2020

Keywords

  • GSK3 inhibitor
  • Osteotropic
  • Periodontitis
  • Pluronic F127
  • Pyrophosphate
  • Thermoresponsive hydrogel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Biophysics
  • Biomaterials
  • Mechanics of Materials

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