Habitual combined exercise protects against ageassociated decline in vascular function and lipid profiles in elderly postmenopausal women

Elizabeth J. Pekas, John Shin, Won Mok Son, Ronald J. Headid, Song Young Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Postmenopausal status is associated with increased risks for cardiovascular diseases (CVD). This study investigated differences in vascular function, lipids, body composition, and physical fitness in elderly postmenopausal women active in combined resistance and aerobic exercise (CRAE) training for 1 year versus a sedentary cohort of similar-in-age counterparts. Elderly postmenopausal women performing habitual CRAE training for 1 year (age ~75 year; CRAE, n = 57) and elderly sedentary postmenopausal women (age ~78 year; SED, n = 44) were recruited. Arterial stiffness (brachial-to-ankle pulse-wave velocity, baPWV), blood pressure, blood lipids, anthropometrics, 2-min walking distance, and muscular strength were assessed for both groups. There were significant differences for baPWV, systolic blood pressure, low-density lipoprotein, and body fat percentage, which were significantly lower (p < 0.05) in CRAE vs. SED, and both 2 min walking distance and muscular strength were significantly greater (p < 0.05) in CRAE vs. SED. These results indicate that elderly postmenopausal women participating in habitual CRAE training may have better protection against risks for CVD and have better physical fitness compared to SED counterparts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number3893
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Volume17
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2020

Keywords

  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Sarcopenia
  • Vascular dysfunction
  • Walking distance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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