The Problem. To date, there has been no single convenient and comprehensive source of information on driving simulation research being conducted around the world. Nor has there been a single repository for information regarding the numerous challenges that confront new simulator users or the broader challenges that confront the whole community. The Handbook of Driving Simulation for Engineering, Medicine and Psychology strives to put much of this critical information in one easily accessible place. Role of Driving Simulators. Driving simulation is now a key element in regional, national, and international efforts to probe the: (1) efficacy of novice, commercial, and older driver training programs; (2) fitness to drive in patients with performance declines due to aging and mild cognitive impairment, traumatic brain injury, and neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s diseases, and sleep disturbances; (3) acute and chronic effects of many medications such as analgesics, antidepressants, psychostimulants, antidepressants, and cancer chemotherapy agents; (4) impact of alternative signs, signals, and pavement markings on drivers’ behavior; and (5) relative advantages and/or disadvantages of technologies being used or introduced into the vehicle such as cell phones, left-turn and rear-end collision warning systems, advanced cruise control, navigation aids, and internet access. Key Results of Driving Simulator Studies. The chapters in the Handbook detail the many key results. In the broadest of terms, there has been a literal explosion in our understanding of the differences in vehicle and driver behaviors among different groups of people; of the impact of different traffic control devices, traffic scenarios, road geometries, and general lighting and weather conditions on vehicle and driver performance; of the effect of different types of distraction inside and outside the vehicle on various metrics of performance; and on the use of driving simulators as assessment and training tools. Scenarios and Dependent Variables. The chapters are replete with discussions of the scenarios and dependent variables that are critical for analysis purposes. Additionally, there are key sections specifically targeting scenario authoring and dependent variables. Limitations. There are still a number of “evergreen” issues. They include simulator adaptation syndrome, fidelity of the virtual environment, cross-platform comparisons among different simulators, development of standard scenarios for testing and training, and transfer of effects to the real world.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||Handbook of Driving Simulation for Engineering, Medicine, and Psychology|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2011|
ASJC Scopus subject areas