Headaches secondary to intraventricular silicone oil successfully managed with ventriculoperitoneal shunt

Paul M. Hruby, Preeti R. Poley, Patricia A. Terp, William E. Thorell, Eyal Margalit

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


Purpose: To describe a case of intravitreal silicone oil (SO) migration into the cerebral ventricles with secondary chronic headaches. Methods: Retrospective case report. Chart review. Single patient. Results: A 51-year-old man with a history of proliferative diabetic retinopathy underwent surgery for traction retinal detachment using SO. Postoperatively, he developed elevated intraocular pressure, headaches, and a blind painful eye, which was enucleated. Neuroimaging revealed SO within the cerebral ventricles. Five years after the initial retinal detachment surgery, the patient developed chronic headaches. Lumbar puncture revealed an elevated opening pressure. The headaches were initially managed medically. A ventriculoperitoneal shunt was placed after the headaches persisted, which resulted in their complete resolution at 6 weeks after shunt placement. Conclusion: Ocular hypertension after intravitreal SO placement may play a role in SO intracranial migration. In the case presented, intraventricular SO was the apparent cause of elevated intracranial pressure and headaches. As all published cases of intraventricular SO migration reporting intraocular pressure to this point have described ocular hypertension, careful monitoring of intraocular pressure and aggressive control of ocular hypertension in the presence of intravitreal SO is recommended.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)288-290
Number of pages3
JournalRetinal Cases and Brief Reports
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2013


  • Central nervous system
  • Cerebral ventricles
  • Glaucoma
  • Intravitreal
  • Silicone oil
  • Ventriculoperitoneal shunt

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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