Hemodynamic and norepinephrine responses to pacing-induced heart failure in conscious sinoaortic-denervated dogs

Marian Brandle, Kaushik P. Patel, Wei Wang, Irving H. Zucker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

The present study was undertaken to determine the effects of chronic sinoaortic (baroreceptor) denervation (SAD) on the hemodynamic and sympathetic alterations that occur in the pacing-induced model of congestive heart failure. Two groups of dogs were examined: intact (n = 9) and SAD (n = 9). Both groups of dogs were studied in the control (prepace) state and each week after the initiation of ventricular pacing at 250 beats/min. After the pacemaker was turned off, hemodynamic and plasma norepinephrine levels returned toward control levels in the prepaced state and after 1 and 2 wk of pacing. However, by 3 wk all hemodynamic and norepinephrine levels remained relatively constant over the 10-min observation period with the pacemaker off. With the pacemaker off, left ventricular end-diastolic pressure went from 2.7 ± 1.4 (SE) mmHg during the prepace state to 23.2 ± 2.9 mmHg in the heart failure state in intact dogs (P < 0.01). Left ventricular end-diastolic pressure increased to 27.1 ± 2.2 mmHg from a control level of 4.2 ± 1.9 mmHg in SAD dogs (P < 0.0003). Mean arterial pressure significantly decreased in intact and SAD dogs. Resting heart rate was significantly higher in SAD dogs and increased to 135.8 ± 8.9 beats/min in intact dogs and 136.1 ± 6.5 beats/min in SAD dogs. There were no significant differences in the hemodynamic parameters between intact and SAD dogs after pacing. Plasma norepinephrine was significantly lower in intact than in SAD dogs before pacing (197.7 ± 21.6 vs. 320.6 ± 26.6 pg/ml; P < 0.005). In the heart failure state, plasma norepinephrine increased significantly in both intact (598.3 ± 44.2 pg/ml) and SAD (644.0 ± 64.6 pg/ml) groups. There were no differences in the severity or the magnitude of the developed heart failure state in SAD vs. intact dogs. We conclude from these data that the arterial baroreflex is not the sole mechanism for the increase in sympathetic drive in heart failure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1855-1862
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Applied Physiology
Volume81
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1996

Keywords

  • baroreflex
  • catecholamines
  • chronic tachycardia
  • sympathetic nervous system

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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